Florida scientist makes case for upgrading Pluto to planet status again


A scientist at the University of Central Florida is making a case to put Pluto back in the big leagues. 

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Planetary science professor Philip Metzger loves rocks--particularly the one that is 4.6 billion miles away from Earth. 

“It's the most geologically active planet besides the Earth. There are flowing glaciers (and) moving mountains. It is possible, at least possible, that Pluto might have life,” Metzger said. 

Read: Pluto explorer spots next destination billion miles beyond

But little Pluto was reduced to a “dwarf planet” in 2006 when the International Astronomical Union voted that it wasn't big enough to clear debris from its orbit.

"I think, unfortunately, the textbooks have short-changed Pluto and the entire solar system,” Metzger said. 

Metzger and his team of researchers from Johns Hopkins and the Planetary Science Institute researched 200 years of data analyzing the “clearing of orbit” criteria for a planet, and found only one study in 1802 used that definition and it was later disproved.

"They didn't bother to explain what they mean by clearing orbit, and taking it literally, it's true. No planet clears its orbit, so therefore there are no planets,” Metzger said. 

>> Related: Dunes on Pluto made of tiny frozen grains of methane

For scientists, icy Pluto is a hot debate.

Thousands have chimed in on both sides on social media about Metzger’s research.

For Metzger though, the problem isn't Pluto, it's that defining it came down to a vote based on opinions. 

"When we published this paper, the outpouring of public interest was amazing, everybody is saying, ‘Yeah, save Pluto! We want our Pluto back!’” he said. 

Metzger’s work was peer-reviewed and will be published in the scientific journal Icarus.

>> Related: Dunes on Pluto made of tiny frozen grains of methane

Meanwhile, the two scientists who self-claim they "killed Pluto" as a planet continue to stand by their research.

The IAU has not received a motion for changing Pluto's definition, but said it is good and healthy to debate.


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